Theory of Computing
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Title : Trading Information Complexity for Error
Authors : Yuval Dagan, Yuval Filmus, Hamed Hatami, and Yaqiao Li
Volume : 14
Number : 6
Pages : 1-73
URL : https://theoryofcomputing.org/articles/v014a006
Abstract
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We consider the standard two-party communication model. The central
problem studied in this article is how much one can save in
information complexity by allowing an error of $\epsilon$.
* For arbitrary functions, we obtain lower bounds and upper bounds
indicating a gain that is of order $\Omega(h(\epsilon))$ and
$O(h(\sqrt{\epsilon}))$, respectively. Here $h$ denotes the binary
entropy function.
* We analyze the case of the two-bit AND function in detail to show
that for this function the gain is $\Theta(h(\epsilon))$. This
answers a question of Braverman et al (STOC'13).
* We obtain sharp bounds for the set disjointness function of order
$n$. For the case of the distributional error, we introduce a new
protocol that achieves a gain of $\Theta(\sqrt{h(\epsilon)})$
provided that $n$ is sufficiently large. We apply these results to
answer another question of Braverman et al. regarding the
randomized communication complexity of the set disjointness
function.
* Answering a question of Braverman (STOC'12), we apply our analysis
of the set disjointness function to establish a gap between the
two different notions of the prior-free information cost. In the
light of Braverman (STOC'12), this implies that the amortized
randomized communication complexity is not necessarily equal to
the amortized distributional communication complexity with respect
to the hardest distribution.
As a consequence, we show that the $\eps$-error randomized
communication complexity of the set disjointness function of order $n$
is $n[CDISJ - \Theta(h(\eps))] + o(n)$, where $CDISJ \approx 0.4827$
is the constant found by Braverman et al. (STOC'13).
A conference version of this paper appeared in the Proceedings of the
32nd IEEE Conference on Computational Complexity, 2017.